Of the numerous shearing houses that were built in the province of Segovia, that of Cabanillas del Monte is the only one that remains in its entirety standing.
It was declared A Cultural the 6 of February of 1997 by the junta of Castilla y León. The building is already mentioned in the Catastro del Marqués de la Ensenada of the mid-eighteenth century.
Shearing stands out among the people because of its size and relative isolation, since it occupies the whole of an apple and is connected by a path with the ravine.
In general, all shears respond to a very similar scheme. The Cabanillas del Monte presents the following distribution program:
- Noble House: intended for owner and tenant housing, where the architecture is more careful.
- Ranch or Shear Room: where is sheared.
- Bache: where the beef is introduced to sweat before being sheared, which facilitates the work of the shearer.
- Lockers: where livestock are kept, sheltered, marked and separated.
- Fish markets: for the custody and storage of the wool.
- Office: Shear dependencies intended for the intendancy as a bread basket, pantry, kitchen, bedrooms, etc.
The Shear Room
In the shearing room there are large windows 6 oriented to the OS plus three others in the SE gable to ensure good natural lighting, essential for the work of shearing. Throughout the interior perimeter, which is not occupied by a gap, a wooden hanger runs to hang the fleeces. In the wall common to the ranch and the house the doors of the fish markets or warehouses where the fleeces are stacked open. Inside, there is a balcony with a balustrade whose purpose was to make it easier for the tenants to supervise the work of the shearing "without experiencing the bad smell of the cattle", as well as to officiate the Holy Mass to all the workers. For this purpose it has a small altar located in a rectangular niche located on the wall with two double-leaf wooden doors. The celebration of the mass was carried out without interrupting the work, which only stopped at the time of the Consecration.
The Shearing Room of Cabanillas del Monte
They do not go unnoticed the multiple "painted" that there is in the inner walls of the shear made with the same almagre to mark the sacks of wool. The subjects range from the marks of the sheared cattle and the usual puyas and auto drums normal between men dedicated to the same necessity to the more or less fantastic representations of birds and flowers passing through the surprising caricature of a cuirassier or French dragon, of the many that in fateful days for the country and the peasantry they traveled through Spanish lands.
The sheep arrived from the ravine on a path near the shear and were introduced into the pothole long enough for them to sweat. From this they were taken to the ranch or shearing room, where they tied their fleece under the scissors of the shearer once sheared and untied were taken to the lockers. To do this, a shepherd walked the ship with a meek ram and equipped with a cowbell, at whose sound the cattle instinctively went, following them outside.
In the zone of the peguera they were marked with the iron of property of the cabin bathed in boiling fish. In the enclosures, the shepherds were diverting their flocks, that is, separating those cattle that due to their old age had become useless for the procreation and breeding of quality wool. Later they were classified and now they only had to wait for the exit of the shear in the direction of the pastures. In the shear did not finish the work with the march of the flocks. The wool sold in dirty was weighed and packed for transport, the clean sale was separated according to its quality and commercial value and once classified, was sent to the laundries.