The Romanesque is considered the "art of repopulation" and the lands south of the Duero, were repopulated since the s. X so we will find such early manifestations of this style in the San Salvador de Sepulveda and in the priory of San Frutos in the Hoces del río Duratón.
It was unstable border area for a long time, so it is more defensive buildings than settlers, equipped with powerful towers. In a second repopulation will be distributed land, from the s. XI, among the hidalgos who dare to remain in them, creating the Councils that will not depend, neither of feudal nobles, nor of monasteries and that will require meeting places sheltered from the extreme climate of Castile: for this a gallery will be attached porticoed on the south side of the temple, like an atrium, giving it great beauty. Each parish will represent the social identity of its people, so there will be a profusion of temples of small dimensions, often of a single nave topped in apse, built in limestone ashlar masonry and masonry; In some occasions the brick will appear, although its use is generalized in lands where there are no quarries.
His sculptural repertoires will be far from the French current that drives the Camino de Santiago, here we will see more rough carvings, a more rural theme and full of everyday charm. Although sometimes the gallery has been lost in part or modified, we will see excellent examples of this style in: Torrecaballeros, Sotosalbos, Pelayos del Arroyo, Turégano, Virgen de las Vegas, Pedraza, Orejana, Duratón, Perorrubio, Sepúlveda, San Miguel de Bernuy , Cobos de Fuentidueña, Ayllón, Maderuelo, Sacramenia, Santa María de Riaza, among others.
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