The Province of Segvia stands out for its castles and fortresses. A contuniación we propose a route so you do not miss any.
Alcazar of Segovia
El Alcázar de Segovia It stands out for its beauty and is an excellent starting point for our route. Leaving the city you have to head towards the Episcopal village of Turégano. Here, on a hill that dominates the village, is the fortress. Inside, the castle itself, with a very special feature: the original courtyard was covered in 1474, Bishop Juan Arias Dávila, to expand the chapel, so that the center of the building was converted into a church. A very important bulrush gives unique character to the set of towers and walls. Characters of history have passed through this place: Alfonso I the Battler and Doña Urraca, Juan II, Don Álvaro de Luna, Fernando el Católico and Felipe II's secretary, Antonio Pérez, who was imprisoned here for two years.
In Turégano You can also visit some spaces that preserve old buildings with a very original structure.
Castle of Pedraza
A third castle appears to us in the medieval village of Pedraza de la Sierra, also walled and with a single access door to the hamlet, which preserves in an excellent condition many of its old buildings and manor houses. In a large esplanade is the castle, of which only the high walls and other few remains are conserved, as well as the Tower of Homage, of three floors and square shape; It is now owned by the descendants of the painter Ignacio Zuloaga, of which some works are preserved in this tower. The children of Francisco I of France, taken hostage in the battle of Pavia, were imprisoned in the castle. A short distance from La Velilla, a town from which Pedraza is accessed, there is a very beautiful Romanesque church under the invocation of the Virgin of Las Vegas, built in the 13th century on a Paleo-Christian mausoleum.
From Pedraza there is a short road to the Castle of Castilnovo, located in a large and wooded park; it has a square floor plan, with a large central courtyard; it has undergone an adequate restoration and today it is property of the Hispano-Mexican Cultural Association, which takes great care of it. It was erected by the Kings of Aragon and later belonged to Don Álvaro de Luna and the Catholic Monarchs.
To eight kilometers is the town of Sepúlveda, one of the most picturesque in the province, in which there are only a few remains, on its wall, of the old castle, facing the Plaza de España. But the visit to this place must be completed with the vision of its urban set and monuments as exemplary as the Romanesque churches of El Salvador, Nuestra Señora de la Peña and San Bartolomé. It would be good to extend our itinerary a bit more and from Sepulveda we will reach the small town of Duratón where, just after crossing its Roman bridge, we will see a wonderful church, with a slender tower and a worthy set of capitals.
Also from Sepulveda, the Villa de los Fueros, you can travel to Villaseca as an access point to the hermitage of San Frutos, Patron of the Diocese of Segovia, Romanesque style and located in a wild and impressive place on the Hoces del Río Duratón , in whose margins the rest of the Monastery of the Sickle are contemplated.
Castle of the Alburquerque de Cuéllar
The Route of the Castles It continues until Cuellar, the second population with more inhabitants of the province. Its castle of the Alburquerque is a formidable example of the Castilian fortresses; well restored after years of being used for various uses, including prison, today it also houses a teaching center and the Alburquerque archive. It was built by Don Beltrán de la Cueva, favorite of Enrique IV, and offers an enormous entrance courtyard with columns and a double gallery. But in Cuellar it is necessary to extend the visit to the rest of the urban set, in which old palaces and singular buildings are conserved, as well as a valuable sample of the Mudejar art contained in several temples; the one of San Martin now serves as the Mudéjar Interpretation Center.
A step away from the Villa is the very famous Sanctuary of the Virgin of El Henar.
We finish the visit to the castles with the Coca, built by Archbishop Alonso de Fonseca at the beginning of the 15th century, between the Eresma and Voltoya rivers; it is considered the most outstanding example of the Mudejar military architecture. It is all brick and is surrounded by a wide and deep pit. In the Villa you can also contemplate the access door and other outstanding monuments; history tells that Coca is the homeland of Emperor Theodosius. Son also prominent, already in our century, has been the one that was popular worldwide Cándido, Mesonero Mayor de Castilla.